Robert: The Buddha teaches by means of gratification and disapointment (nlcuding carrot and stick)
The Ninefold Thread in the Mode of Conveying a Teaching
31. Herein, what is the Mode of Conveying a Teaching ? The
Mode of Conveying a Teaching is [summarized] in the following
Escape, Fruit, Means, the Blessed One's
Command to Devotees: this Mode
Is the Conveying of a Teaching'
[The act-of-teaching and what-is-taught]
32. What does it teach ? [It teaches as follows:]
[In t h e a s p e c t s of] g r a t i f i c a t i o n , d i s a p p o i n t m e n t,
escape, f r u i t , means, and i n j u n c t i o n , 1 <Bhikkhus, I
s h a l l t e a c h you a True Idea t h a t is good in the
b e g i n n i n g , good in the middle, and good in the
end, with i t s own meaning and i t s own p h r a s i n g ; I
s h a l l d i s p l a y a Divine Life t h a t is e n t i r e l y perfect
and pure> (M. i, 280).
33. Herein, what is the gratification ?
< When a mortal desires, if his desire is fulfilled,
He is sure to be happy by getting what he wants >
This is the gratification. (Pe 45; Sn. 766).
34. Herein, what is the disappointment ?
[&]<Desire-born and wilful, if his desires elude him,
He becomes as deformed as if pierced by a barb> (Sn. 767).
This is the disappointment.