Something from Nina:
"I would like to quote from the Lexicon explaining terms of Acharn Sujin's Survey of Paramattha Dhammas, written by Santi Phantakeong :
If there is the firm understanding that the hindrances are dhammas which are reality, there are conditions for the arising of satipatthana which can be aware of the characteristic of a particular hindrance according to conditions. Then the akusala that is a hindrance is the object of panna which knows the truth and in that way the clinging to the view that akusala is self can be abandoned.
"I would like to add that if there is no mindfulness, the hindrances, ignorance included, can weaken insight. But at the moment of mindfulness of whatever appears, be it wholesome, kusala, or unwholesome, akusala, insight can grow. There are many moments of ignorance and forgetfulness, but these moments are conditioned, because they arose also in the past, life after life. Can we notice them during the day? There is a difference between forgetfulness of realities and mindfulness. When there is mindfulness, there is no notion of my hand touching the table, but only one nama or rupa appearing through one of the six doors. Just hardness may appear through the bodysense. After that there are bound to be many moments of being absorbed in concepts such as table or hand. It is not easy to learn the difference between forgetfulness and ignorance of realities, and mindfulness of just one reality at a time. Very gradually we can begin to know the difference. More understanding of the fact that whatever arises, be it kusala or akusala, is conditioned, will help us to gradually let go of the concept that it is my akusala.
"I would like to quote from the "Kindred Sayings" (V, Mahavagga, Book I, Kindred Sayings on the Way, Ch VIII, the Flood) where it has been repeated with regard to all the different groups of defilements that they have to be fully comprehended. We read about the Hindrances:
Monks, there are these five hindrances. What five? The hindrance of sensual desire, the hindrance of malevolence, the hindrance of sloth and torpor, the hindrance of excitement and flurry, the hindrance of doubt and wavering. These are the five hindrances. It is for the full comprehension, realization, wearing down and abandoning that the ariyan eightfold Way must be cultivated.
"In this text the hindrances are classified as fivefold, and then ignorance is not among them, but in different texts they are classified in different ways. However, there is ignorance with every kind of akusala. In the same sutta ignorance is mentioned among the five higher fetters which must be abandoned by full comprehension."
With metta, Nina van Gorkom.