The offence of parajika is for killing another human being; the Samantapasadika
categorically states that there is no parajika for the bhikkhu who kills himself or has
some obliging fellow kill on request.
However, such an action, suicide, is an offence of dukkata according to the
Vinitavatthu, but, according to the Samantapasadika, when done for the appropriate
reasons suicide is no offence at all. The Samantapasadika gives two examples:
• A bhikkhu is chronically sick with little sign of recovery and he wishes to
end his own life so that he will no longer be a burden on the bhikkhus who
are nursing him – in this case suicide is appropriate.
• A bhikkhu who is enlightened already becomes gravely ill with a painful
disease from which he suspects he will not recover. As the disease is
burdensome to him and he has nothing further to do, he thinks to end his
life – in this case also suicide is appropriate16.
On Suicide by Ariyan Disciples
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