From sarah abbotthttp://groups.yahoo.com/group/dhammastudyg.../message/121878
Why did the Buddha teach meditation and all the other conventional subjects he
addressed in sutta? Why didn't he just teach Abhidhamma?
> And: can you give me a quote from Buddhist scripture that states that
meditation is wrong practice, from *any* legitimate source including commentary
S: I think you'll agree that the Buddha only encouraged the development of
wholesome states, so even whilst talking about "conventional subjects" or
"meditation", it is essential to understand what kinds of dhammas are arising.
The Dhamma, the Abhidhamma, whether in Suttas, Vinaya or Abhidhamma Pitaka,
comes down to the understanding of this moment.
For example, we read in the .Gopakamoggallaana Sutta, MN 108:
"The Blessed One, Brahmin, did not praise every type of meditation (jhaana.m),
nor did he condemn every type of meditation. What kind of meditation did the
Blessed One not praise? Here, Brahmin, someone abides with his mind obsessed by
(kaamaraagapariyu.t.thitena cetasaa viharati), a prey to sensual lust, and he
does not understand as it actually is the escape from arisen sensual lust.
"While he harbours sensual lust within, he meditates, premeditates,
out-meditates, and mismeditates (jhaayanti pajjhaayanti nijjhaayanti
apajjhaayanti). He abides with his mind obsessed by sloth and torpor, a prey to
sloth and torpor....with his mind obsessed by
restlessness and remorse......obsessed by doubt, a prey to doubt, and he does
not understand as it actually is the escape from arisen doubt. While he harbours
doubt within, he meditates, premeditates, out-meditates, and mismeditates. The
Blessed One did not praise that kind of meditation."
We also read in the texts that even wholesome states that are not the
development of the Eightfold Path, including the attainment of mundane jhanas,
are considered as "wrong practice" in that they do not lead out of Samsara - the
bricks of samsara are still being accumulated at such times. Only the
development of satipatthana, vipassana, is "right practice".
"Bhikkhus, these four things, when developed and cultivated, lead to the
realization of the fruit of stream-entry. What four?
Association with superior persons, hearing the true Dhamma, careful attention,
practice in accordance with the Dhamma...."
As Jon wrote before: "In the expression "practice in accordance with the
Dhamma", the term "practice" means the actual moment of consciousness
accompanied by insight that knows something about the true nature of a presently
arising dhamma. It does not mean undertaking some kind of activity with a view
to having that consciousness occur."